Sun. Apr 21st, 2024

The Coronavirus health pandemic has left an indelible mark on our recent history. A global crisis that completely changed our lives, making prevention against contagion -with its respective quarantines and restrictions- condition our usual daily routine. Hospitals and health centers were saturated like never before, causing an unsustainable situation, from which we were slow to recover. Fortunately, with the vaccine, the pandemic has plummeted, and even disappeared in many places. Although the effects and sequelae of the disease are beginning to be seen now.

Covid-19 treatments broke the balance of the microbiome

The first months of the pandemic, around March 2020, were the hardest. The virus crudely attacked the respiratory system, causing the immune system to be seen on the ropes, a new infection that was not known how to treat. This made the most effective solution at that time was the use of antibiotics, thus avoiding the occurrence of secondary infections, which put the life of each patient at risk – even more so. Human beings carry a large number of microbes in the body, which are found mostly in the gastrointestinal tract. This is known as microbiome, which plays an essential role for our well-being, since it works with metabolism, the immune system and the central nervous system. Therefore, we speak of positive microbes for the organism. One of the functions of the microbiome is to stand up to invading pathogens, including viruses. Given the force with which the Coronavirus was advancing in infected patients, it is evident that the body needed a reinforcement in the form of antibiotics. Something that, despite the urgency, upset the balance of positive microbes and pathogensa situation known as dysbiosis.

What were the conclusions of the experts?

Today, with the vaccines already operational, the volume of infections has plummeted. The Coronavirus has lost much of its strength and health centers are finally breathing a sigh of relief. Nevertheless, Now is when you can begin to assess the consequences of the pandemic, for the future. And, in this sense, the microbiome has been one of the biggest losers. Studies are already appearing that analyze the conditions of people who have had Covid-19 and individuals who have never contracted the disease. An analysis that seeks to compare both patients, in order to draw firm conclusions about the real problem we have to face in the long term. One of these conclusions lies in the differences in the bacteria in the microbiome of both study subjects. In fact, Up to 55 different species of microbes have been found in those who have been infected and in those who have not.. Some studies that are still in their early stages and that make investment in science necessary to continue advancing accordingly.

Rutgers University, responsible for this study

The center responsible for the study of the microbiome in Covid-19 patients has been Rutgers University, in the United States. Your scientists have taken stool samples from 20 infected, 20 healthy and 20 recovered patients; thus finding the exact conditions of each one. Such has been the impact of this study that has been published in the popular science magazine ‘Molecular Biomedicine’. In the media itself, they talk to us about the importance of continuing with the research, which goes far beyond obtaining clarity on the health impact that the health pandemic, still today, has left in its wake. We are talking about an analysis that will allow pharmaceutical companies develop probiotics specifically for former Covid-19 patients. A series of remedies to correct the consequences of said infection and make sure that, this time, those who have contracted the Coronavirus can fully recover.

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