The ketogenic diet is a type of diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates used by many people with the aim of reducing a significant weight loss. All people who follow this type of diet have to be carefully monitored by their doctor or dietitian to be sure that they are doing it correctly. According to a new study conducted by the University Clinical Hospital of Santiago de Compostelaensures that a very low-calorie ketogenic diet helps improve the immune system and improves biomarkers of oxidative and inflammatory stress in overweight people.
Ana Belén Crujeiras, principal investigator of the study and of the University Clinical Hospital of Santiago de Compostela, points out that the results help combat obesity and some of its diseases.
“The results highlight the possible usefulness of this nutritional strategy to combat obesity and its associated diseases, such as cancer and viral infections, as well as to promote healthy aging.”
The researchers evaluated thirty inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in overweight patients following a low-fat, low-calorie ketogenic diet. The trial demonstrates that nutritional ketosis along with weight loss, improves the immune response of patients with obesity.
The study arises from the evident relationship established between obesity and inflammation. Faced with this situation, there was an interest in clarifying how the different inflammatory and oxidative markers in people who wanted to reduce body weight. Crujeiras points out that this study is “something that had not been done so widely before. An interesting field of research is opening up that will surely yield interesting insights in the future”. The ketogenic diet sweeps social networks and is very fashionable among celebrities and influencers. The nutritional strategy of this type of diet has been studied in pathologies such as cancer, diabetes or epilepsy. It is not a recommended diet for all people, it is necessary to know very well how to carry it out correctly and to carry out an exhaustive follow-up by a nutritionist or doctor. With this study it is expected to continue obtaining the benefits observed in patients to date, but a follow-up must be carried out to confirm that the results are maintained over time. Felipe Casanueva, coordinator of the research and head of the CHUS Endocrinology and Nutrition service, assures that “An interesting field of research is opening up that will surely yield interesting insights in the future”.